British Colonial Architecture

British Colonial architecture is an architectural style that has been incorporated into the buildings of settlements or colonies in distant locations. Colonists frequently built settlements that synthesized the architecture of their countries of origin with the design characteristics of their new lands, creating hybrid designs. Georgian architecture in Britain was the term used for all styles of architecture created during its reign by the House of Hanover. These included Palladian, neo-Gothic, and Chinoiserie. Initially, Georgian architecture was a modification of the Renaissance architecture of continental Europe. The city of Kolkata was also the capital city of British India, and a lot of colonial architecture is still clearly visible. One of the most beautiful examples of British colonial architecture in the city is the famed Victoria Memorial, which is today a museum.

Features & Characteristics:

English Colonial buildings typically included medieval details including steep roofs, small windows, and minimal ornamentation. Colonial homes are symmetrical, with a centered front door and an equal number of windows on each side. A typical number of windows showing on the front of the home is nine: two on each side of the door, two windows directly above the first story windows on the second story, and one directly above the door.

Palladian windows at the center represent the building symmetrically. Homes have a central chimney or one on each end of the house. Inside the home, a central stairway leads to upper bedrooms branching off from a central hallway. Wide Porches at the front with corner pilaster/ columned portico.

Some major elements and features include Dormer windows light and ventilation for top floors Triangular pediment as a shading device. Hipped roof or steeped roof. Decorative elements like a frieze,  dentils, oval stained glass windows, carved balustrades.


  • Features commonly associated with the square or rectangular shape of the entire house.
  • This style emphasizes using heavily paneled entrance doors. Further, the doors have flattened columns on each side.

Here is a sample Architecture Design that we can work on for those willing to build their homes with this concept:

The following is another representation of how a British Colonial-style house can be designed:

Features and Dimensions:

  • Plot Size: 60’*60′ (3600 Sqft)
  • Garage: Attached Type and facility for two cars. 413 sq. ft space has been allocated.
  • Total Living Area:
    • Living Area: 3,048 sq. ft. | First Floor: 1,384 sq. ft. | Second Floor: 1,292 sq. ft.

Here is a collection of some more designs that could be improvised and enabled technically with smart features and interiors that suit today’s requirements in India. Aesthetically these buildings are pleasing and extend a Luxurious Feeling. For larger-sized plots, one could integrate this with nice Landscapes and water bodies, designed depending on the type of usage.

Colonial homes are traditionally either two or three stories tall – never one story. … These homes have steep roofs with gables. They are traditionally built with wood, stone, or brick. The floor plan of a colonial home usually features the kitchen and living spaces downstairs with all bedrooms upstairs.

Colonial homes are one of a kind that are quite an inspiration for homes today. The designs are exquisite and one of a kind. Adapting the designs would definitely give your home a royal finish.