BRICK USE IN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURE

BRICK USE IN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURE

BRICK USE IN RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURE

Bricks are one of the oldest building materials that humans got adapted into and they were hand made.

India goes back as early as 3000 BC in Early Indus Valley Cities such as Mohenjo-Daro, Harappa and Mehrgarh.

Production of bricks increased massively after an independent style of brick architecture, known as brick Gothic flourished into places where there was no supply of stone.

The components of a brick have varied over the period of time, taking into consideration the climatic conditions, availability of materials and etc.

The Natural color and texture of a brick adds up to the ambiance without any effort. They can be used to create an earthy look to the surroundings.

Clay bricks are naturally energy efficient. They have exceptional thermal properties like the ability to store heat and then slowly release it. They adapt well with winter and Summer Clay bricks are also one of the most sustainable green building materials. They are also recyclable, hence not adding up to the Carbon footprint.

Bricks are known for their versatility. They are highly economical, they add texture to a place, low maintenance cost, reusable and recyclable, very good compressive strength.

Brick is also known for its high compressive strength and load bearing capabilities. Bricks have be used along with cement and reinforcement bars to build foundations, walls, load bearing columns and beams. It can greatly double as an aesthetic and a structural element which is also highly economical.

They can be majorly classified into two. Burnt and Sun-dried bricks. Sun-dried is usually used for temporary and non-expensive structures whereas Burnt bricks can be used in numerous ways.

The Assembling of brick during a design execute plays a huge roll. They can be aesthetically arranged as jaalis, arches, vaults and many more.

The various permutations and combinations of laying of bricks can lead in an interesting visual effect on the user. They can be used to create jaali’s . These can be used as facade partitions, internal partitions, and even activity patterns. The standard brick can be assembled Diagonally, vertically and laterally.

In many circumstances, the brick is also used to highlight the elevation of a building by using it as a facade element. For example, Indian Coffee House by Laurie Baker. It has a circular structure with no a few unassembled brick cavities that function as ventilation. This building stands out in the surroundings because of the vibrant color of the brick and the unusual form.

Another very well-known building is Indian Institute of Management, Ahmadabad. Designed by Louis Khan, it is one of the best examples to consider brick as a versatile material. It has a highly attractive and unique facade created by bricks.

How to use Metal as an aesthetic material in Residential Building

How to use Metal as an aesthetic material in Residential Building

Metal as an aesthetic material in Residential Building

  • Window grill:

Metal window grills are part of a tradition and integrating security features with attractive designs. They have become more popular over the years. They are available in a variety of sizes, shapes, and degrees of ornateness. detailed metal window grills do have many advantages.

The most common material used to make window grills is steel, aluminum, and iron. But, today window grills are generally made of steel that is bright steel or mild steel because of its durability, sturdiness and also because it can be customized to various shapes and sizes.

  • Canopy:

     Canopies have been adding shelter for many years. Nowadays canopy comes in various shapes, sizes. And is made up of various materials. For typical projects such as a metal canopy, aluminum is the metal of choice. It survives well in the outdoors and is much more affordable and easy to work with the steel, brass, or copper. For outdoor decorations, you may choose brass or copper, and for structural supports, you may want to work with stainless steel. Metal canopies add to your curb appeal, creating an element of unique designs and lettering. They are endlessly customization and easily changed as the occupant's change.

 CANOPY – AT VERANDAH

A metal canopy will last for decades while providing the perfect place to shelter. Canopies can be attached or free-standing add-ons to the buildings, providing a cost-effective covered space. Canopies are used for carports, to protect the vehicle from hail damage or keep it cooler in the sun.  Canopies are perfect toppers for an outdoor verandah, at the entrance area, and car parking. covered patio or a greenhouse enclosure to expand the space in your building. Canopies over doors and windows can help minimize the heat and light from the sun, saving energy and lowering your utility bills.

 

Canopy at Verandah
  • Railings:

More and more, a metal railing is not just being recognized for support and safety via its strength and stability, it is gaining acceptance for its aesthetics.

“Its versatility and ability enhance any setting aesthetically,” says the team at Trex.

Metal railing, styling for contemporary projects due to sleek and modern appeal. Also traditional and intricate. When selecting railing,
• Ensure that it matches the design of the project, and carefully consider the infill material. Glass panels can add lightness and visibility, while other materials, such as metal mesh or cable, can create the impression of the Industrial look. The right combination of metal railing and infill material will provide a safe, secure railing, while also enhancing the aesthetics of the space.
Each of these metals has different properties and look. Some of the commonly used metals for railings are stainless steel, Aluminium, Brass, Copper, Wrought iron. These railings are used for Internal staircase, External staircase as well as Balconies.

Railing

Gate:

The material you choose for your home’s gate must be able to withstand wind, rain, and sunlight and at the same time have the strength to keep robbers out.
Residential property owners prefer metal gates of large openings that are made of steel.
A large proportion of the domestic market for gates is made from metal, the vast majority being made from steel, the remainder from wrought iron, and cast iron. People prefer metal gates because they are more durable and there are many designs available in the market.

• Cost and Efficiency
Metal doors are less expensive than other doors. Steel doors are typically more energy-efficient because they have higher insulating values, so they’re better at keeping conditioned air inside your home and outdoor air outside.

• Installation
Metal doors are typically finished at the factory with a baked-on polyester finish or vinyl coating that doesn’t require further finishing by you at installation.

Types of metal

The four types of metal that are most commonly used are:

  • Steel: It is affordable and but not long-lasting. Usually supplied hot-drip galvanized to provide a robust finish.
  • Aluminum: Its sheet thin and tough layer that protects against corrosion.
  • Zinc: Highly durable and weathers to an aesthetically-pleasing lead-like hue if
    left untreated.
  • Copper: Capable of achieving long lifespans, and requires very little
    maintenance.

  • Skylight/Pergola:

A skylight adds natural light to metal building that tends to be long and deep is one way to positively impact the well-being of the people working inside these facilities. Not only that, but it can also help in saving electrical lighting costs. Installing skylights in a residential building brings a taste of the outdoors in and brightens up the environment with natural light. Energy-Skylight enhances the quality of light and air into the structure. Also, suits provide diffuse lighting and heat source. It adds beauty and a pattern of lights in the building.

Pergola

FENCING:

  • Durability

It offers more durability and stability than other materials. At some Instance their major forces, metal frames won’t warp or crack.

  • Style and Appearance

It is available in various sizes, patterns, and customizes metal as required. Metal fencing the way they want. Metal fencing gives a bold and brutal appearance.

Top architects recommend choosing the right material. Metal is a flexible material that would possibly change the face of the architecture. And Metal, in turn, creates structures that are Durable, Resistant and Sustainable.

Top Ideas for Landscape in Residential Architecture

Top Ideas for Landscape in Residential Architecture

Top Ideas for Landscape in Residential Architecture

Landscape architecture

Brief ideas of various landscape design

As mentioned in the last article Glass in Residential building. We are writing about the beautiful Eco-friendly building concept “Landscape in Residential architecture“.

As we are talking about landscape architecture, We can know about how it has become a useful form of design where aesthetics and functionality both work simultaneously on the grounds of preserving ecology as well as bringing out the beauty of nature within the space.

While constructing a house proper landscape planning and architecture with the sustainability concept and approach helps to make a conducive and responsive environment. This article is predicated on the theoretical framework of the connection between landscape design in planning and development in urban design. Every decade there have been profound challenges as the architects, we have to address the approach towards sustainability while designing landscape architecture.

Landscape relates mainly to land-forms, vegetation, water, and climate. It is an art of arranging elements to create a healthy breathing atmosphere, vibrant community, and good outdoor space.

As we are talking about landscape in residential building, Here I like to recall our old article balcony designs which tells you how landscaping could be incorporated within indoor spaces to visualize the feel of an external garden. It can create a healthy environment with elements like lawns, gardens, flowers, beds, etc.

Structures such as a seating wall can define a perimeter, or a hedge may serve as a living wall. Pathways bordered by planting or trees create the feeling corridors. An arbor, pergola, or overhanging tree branch may suggest a ceiling.

Landscaping improves the quality of life. It cools down the temperature, provides physical and psychological benefits.

One of the famous architect Hawthorn said: “Indoor and outdoor spaces should be integrated and flow one into the other”.

Outdoor living space balances with the related elements in the landscape, also enhance the natural beauty.

Landscape lowers air conditioning use. People are drawn to and gathered in the open spaces of a garden. Seating can be arranged along with the shades of thick vertical line landscape also sheltered from the direct sunlight. Seating areas with it gives a good and pleasant view.

It cleans the dust, smoke particles, carbon dioxide and increases oxygen. A well-designed walkway attracts the eye with a sense of movement, drawing visitors with a beckoning further. While designing, we should be able to analyze the dimensional depth of any designs and achieve various ways in implementing those to create the functionality within the space. The pathway can be sheltered using pergola or create an eclectic path by using a mixture of paving materials.

Architectural pool, an attractive part of the landscape element creates a very stylish look throughout the house. This design tends to be viewed as more formal and includes long straight lines and sharp angles. They create a balance between your home and outdoor living space while providing function and a focal point for the yard.

Free form pools tend to create a more relaxed atmosphere through the use of curves and smooth flowing lines. It is a more non-traditional look that you would associate with a natural pond.

We are living in an era where we are facing lots of health issues due to air, water, soil pollution which is attracting many problems due to the deputation of forests and increasing industrial activity. As architects, we recommend evolving designs and bringing out nature within those designs to minimize the hazards for the near future. That could be followed in various ways such as :

Water features, the sounds of a waterfall will calm down the mind and harmony will be created within oneself. The pump will save the water by recycling.

Walking along the landscape will increase longevity.

Retaining walls will prevent soil sliding when it rains. Thus, it is an integral part of the landscape.

As architects, we should have distinctive skills and training in designing with living systems and materials that are innovative and thoughtful towards the ecology of an area. These are a few easy steps to balance nature and designs without losing its beauty and retaining the true form of modern architecture through landscaping designing. Using Eco-friendly materials in order to create landscape designs, thoughts have been proven quite challenging and we as the best architects in Bangalore have achieved those difficult designs.

As we are talking about materials, In the next article we can talk about one of the main material that is used in construction i.e., Metals used in Residential s building. For this stay tuned. Keep visiting the Design thoughts architects page for more updates.

Concrete Blocks in Architecture

Concrete Blocks in Architecture

Concrete Blocks in Architecture

As you all know most of the people who want to construct house prefer Concrete blocks as a prefabricated material because it produces maximum radiant heat within the building. Concrete blocks mainly used to build walls. Concrete pieces are made by materials that are utilized for building dividers. Like bricks, the squares are joined at the side a mortar consisting of cement, sand, and water. The squares are empty interior to permit for steel bars and mortar filling.

Despite the fact that the primary squares were fabricated by hand, these days they are created in a robotized way and thousands of squares can be made per hour. Each unit can be manufactured on-site by bricklayers.

The concrete commonly utilized to create concrete squares may be a blend of powdered Portland cement, water, sand, and rock. The fundamental block has been changing to supply more total arrangements, such as waterproofing.

A few current models that are added to the substances will join to the blend. It also prevents the section of water by extending the surface pressure of the square by arranging it.

Concrete blocks as a rule related with self-construction and low-cost lodging gives the number of spaces to investigate past utilitarian plans.

Most of the modern engineering nowadays use concrete as the most efficient fabric. In any case, due to the improvement of building technology and design, concrete has to be created as a building fabric to overcome its shortcomings. Expansion, the requirement for accomplishing maintainability in buildings has a coordinating effect on concrete’s development as concrete which is considered one as a major modern request within the building materials industry.

Concrete blocks can be used as :

  • Compound Wall

Compound – Solid wall block is defined as those blocks which have a core wide area greater than 25% of gross area having one or more holes open at both sides. The most commonly used concrete blocks have a nominal length of 40cm, a height of 20cm and nominal width of 8,10,15 and 20cms.

  • Facade

The material color itself creates a pattern when it is applied on the exterior surface. material is very natural & goes well with part of nature. Here, no additional effort is required in making a beautiful structure.

  • Partition

Lightweight, Precast, foam concrete building material suitable for producing concrete masonry units (CMU) like blocks. They are composed of quartz sand, calcined gypsum, lime, cement, water, and aluminum powder. AAC is cured under heat and pressure in an autoclave.

  • External wall

It’s a great idea to enhance the external surface with the concrete blocks as they form a beautiful texture surface in a grey finish. Thus the external surface looks attractive and stands out from the surrounding elements.

Concrete block technical detail

  • Wall Junction detail

The concrete block wall is erected with a mixture of concrete & reinforcement steel.

  • Corner wall detail

These are some simple ideas of Architecture that can deliver good solutions without being expensive. In conclusion I would like to mention couple of important merits of concrete blocks over the bricks. They form stronger walls than bricks. A house which is built using Concrete blocks can last up to 100 years.

Mr. Sushmith Nayak Complex

Mr. Sushmith Nayak Complex

Mr. Sushmith Nayak

Commercial Complex for Mr. Sushmith Nayak

Concept: We designed as per clients requirement of a Basement floor with parking, Ground + 4 floors with commercial spaces and common lift and staircase. It was based on a simple concept that we need to give client more carpet area since it was in a prominent location.
Project Type: Simple modern
Location: HSR layout, Bangalore
Plot size: 50X80
Built up area: Approx 20,000 Sft
Project cost: 1.20 crore

Mr. Vijay Machigud

Mr. Vijay Machigud

The central wall projection with brick cladding breaks the harmony of the facade, giving it a very subtle look. the pergola and materials, embraces the facade, giving it a sense of uniquness.

Concept: A beautiful villa concept with partial slope and modern planning, with duplex house with garden in front. The slope towards the top balances the entire facade, Making it more elegant.The box projection, Uplifts the bay windows in the facade, Giving it a very elegant look.Verticals in front, Allows diffused light inside and creates light and shadow effect.
Project Type: contemporary house style
Location: kanakpura road
Plot size: 40×60
Built up area: 4000 sft
Project cost: 1.5 crore

Mr. Vijay Patil

Mr. Vijay Patil

Mr. Vijay Patil

Brick jali double hieght wind tunnel exposed brick walls

Concept: Contrast between brick screen and concrete finishes.brick jali on and vertical louvers for ventilation and thermal protection. brick screen is used for the staircase. this brick screen tends to serve as a wall, ventilation feature, aesthetic element.
Project Type: Modern contemporary
Location: Raichur
Plot size: 40×60
Built up area: 3000 sft
Project cost: 1 crore

Mr. Suraj T. M.

Mr. Suraj T. M.

Mr. Suraj T. M.

Playing with mass and geometry, elevation is facilitated with bay windows and tall longitudinal slit windows.

Concept: Design follows a minimal approach towards the facade of the building, with grey and solid massing theme.
Project Type: Minimilistic
Location: RR Nagar
Plot size: 30×50
Built up area: 2500 sft
Project cost: 75 lakh

Mr.Venu

Mr.Venu

Mr.Venu

The building has a subtle and balanced look with overall enhancement of more light into the building with use of shades of grey and white.the use of materials such as exposed brick and stone, provides the building a traditional look . and fusing contemporary style with traditional.

Concept: A morden duplex house concept with spacious and large bedrooms.the principal focus of the house would be the c – boxing projection, cantilevering outwards. also, having wooden verticals and glass railing.
Project Type: A fusion of traditional and contemporary architecture.
Location: JayaNagar, Bangalore
Plot size: 60×40
Built up area: 6000 sft
Project cost: 2 crore

Mr. Venkatesh Twin House

Mr. Venkatesh Twin House

Mr. Venkatesh

Simple & modern design with projecting out elements.

Concept: Twin houses, each having 4 bedrooms with ground parking and duplex with terrace garden.
Project Type: Modern Contemporary
Location: Kanakpura Road
Plot size: 60*60
Built up area: 7000 sft
Project cost: 2.5 crore

Space saving ideas for your home

Space saving ideas for your home

Space saving ideas for your home

No matter how big our house is, we always seem to need more space. Maybe it’s for keeping something important to you or storing things away. Using space cleverly and judiciously can help a lot with this. You can use space you already have differently, a win-win in my opinion.

So here are some space-saving tips you can use in your home.

Use your stairs!

Chances are, you have a blank wall at the bottom side of your stairs that just sits there. Definitely put that space to use- either put a hanging shelf that takes a few minutes for installation, or you can make it a library with multiple shelves. Put up a few hangers and you can use it as a coat or hat hanger. Or you can create a space beneath the stairs to make it into a personalised nook- a pantry, a kennel, a reading corner, a meditation corner etc. You can even put in shelves within the stairs so each stair will have a shelf underneath. The possibilities are endless!

Bathroom cabinets

There is just so much potential space to be used in the bathroom. In Indian households, the under-sink area tends to be ignored- especially in the case of pedestal sinks. However, there are shelves that are designed specifically to fit under pedestal sinks. Or you could just attach some sort of curtains underneath the sink and store things away without anyone being able to see it. If your sink is attached directly to the wall- the better! You can put in shelves, baskets etc. When you get sinks for a new home preferably get one with storage facilities.

Cupboards

This may seem like I’m stating the obvious- of course cupboards help in storage, but hear me out. Most cupboards aren’t used to their full potential, which wastes precious space. We have cupboards with just a hanging rack for clothes and the space beneath is completely wasted. You could add shelves to such cupboards and store shoes or something else and the extra space beneath it. Having a section with shelves within the cupboard can also help store your pyjamas and inner wear- stuff that you don’t necessarily hang up. Think of how you can organise to save space within the space you store things itself.

Mr. Vinay Residence

Mr. Vinay Residence

Mr. Vinay Residence

Exposed rustic brick work, with shades of grey and white used in elevation, making it elegant. wooden vertical louvers and MS pergola .

Concept: The existing floor was ground where the client was presently residing. They wanted a 2BHK house above to be expanded and it has a beautiful contemporary elevation which stands out in the lane which has a lot of old structures.
Project Type: Contemporary house style
Location: JayaNagar, Bangalore
Plot size: 60×40
Built up area: 2300 sft
Project cost: 45 lakhs

Mr. Muralli Residence

Mr. Muralli Residence

Mr. Muralli Residence

Vertical louvers in balcony with glass railing in elevation, emphasis the facade. textured exterior facade gives a monotonous contrast design.

Concept: The apartment comprises of stilt and 3 floors with 2BHK residential dwellings and stilt being the parking area and 3rd floor had a duplex unit.
Project Type: Multi-storey building with simple and modern approach.
Location: Bangalore
Plot size: 30×40
Built up area: 15,000 Sft
Project cost: 2 Crore

Dr. Ravichandra Residence

Dr. Ravichandra Residence

Mr. Ravichandran

A three storey colonial style house with a colonnaded porch providing a rich and grand look.

Concept: The colonial style house with double height classical columns provides a royal look to the elevation. The entrance consists of semi circular stairs leading right up to the entrance door. The interiors of the house is contained with spacious living spaces along with terrace garden and a swimming pool.
Project Type: Colonial style
Location: Sahakarnagar, Bangalore
Plot size: 60×40
Built up area: 5000 sft
Project cost: 1.5 crores

Mr. Abhishek’s Residence

Mr. Abhishek’s Residence

Mr. Abhishek’s Residence

It is a bungalow with G+1. It is a independent house & part of roof of the house sloped roof.

Concept: A bungalow is a type of building, originally developed in Bengal. Common features of many bungalows includes verandas & being low rise. It is either single story or has a second story built into a slopping roof with dormer windows.
Project Type: Vernacular style farm house
Location: Chikkamagalur
Plot size: 61x40
Built up area: 2940 sft
Project cost: 60 lacks

Mr. Rayappa Gouda patil Residence

Mr. Rayappa Gouda patil Residence

Residence for Mr. Rayappa Gouda patil

A 2 storey contemporary style bungalow with huge picture windows allowing huge amount of light and ventilation into the building.

Concept: This spacious villa is plotted at the centre of the site allowing maximum light and ventilation through the huge spacious setbacks. The entrance porch or the veranda reminds us of the olden traditional style verandas but only reflected back in a contemporary manner. The living space is provided with picture windows. And the house comprises of a courtyard in the central portion with all the rooms of the house overlooking into the courtyard. Thus, this house is a complete contemporary reflection of a traditional style house.
Location: Shahpur, Karnataka
Plot size: 85×90
Built up area: 4300 sft
Project cost:  1 crore

Mrs. Jayabhat Residence

Mrs. Jayabhat Residence

Residence for Mrs. Jayabhat

An independent contemporary style bungalow located in the suburbs of Bangalore.

Concept: This contemporary style house is 3 storeys high with projected bay windows providing beautiful views towards the suburban environment around the house. The projected slab with wooden decking enhances the overall look of the building and it also serves as chajjas to all the windows under it. The pergola in front provides a semi covered shelter to the car parking space and is used to grow various creepers on it to provide shade.
Project Type: Contemporary house style
Location: Idyaranyapura, Bangalore
Plot size: 60×40
Built up area: 3800 sft
Project cost: 82 lakhs