Metal in Residential Building

Metal in Residential Building

METAL IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDING

  • Window grill:

Metal window grills are part of a tradition and integrating security features with attractive designs. They have become more popular over the years. They are available in a variety of sizes, shapes, and degrees of ornateness. detailed metal window grills do have many advantages.

The most common material used to make window grills is steel, aluminum, and iron. But, today window grills are generally made of steel that is bright steel or mild steel because of its durability, sturdiness and also because it can be customized to various shapes and sizes.

  • Canopy:

     Canopies have been adding shelter for many years. Nowadays canopy comes in various shapes, sizes. And is made up of various materials. For typical projects such as a metal canopy, aluminum is the metal of choice. It survives well in the outdoors and is much more affordable and easy to work with the steel, brass, or copper. For outdoor decorations, you may choose brass or copper, and for structural supports, you may want to work with stainless steel. Metal canopies add to your curb appeal, creating an element of unique designs and lettering. They are endlessly customization and easily changed as the occupant's change.

 CANOPY – AT VERANDAH

A metal canopy will last for decades while providing the perfect place to shelter. Canopies can be attached or free-standing add-ons to the buildings, providing a cost-effective covered space. Canopies are used for carports, to protect the vehicle from hail damage or keep it cooler in the sun.  Canopies are perfect toppers for an outdoor verandah, at the entrance area, and car parking. covered patio or a greenhouse enclosure to expand the space in your building. Canopies over doors and windows can help minimize the heat and light from the sun, saving energy and lowering your utility bills.

 

Canopy at Verandah
  • Railings:

More and more, a metal railing is not just being recognized for support and safety via its strength and stability, it is gaining acceptance for its aesthetics.

“Its versatility and ability enhance any setting aesthetically,” says the team at Trex.

Metal railing, styling for contemporary projects due to sleek and modern appeal. Also traditional and intricate. When selecting railing,
• Ensure that it matches the design of the project, and carefully consider the infill material. Glass panels can add lightness and visibility, while other materials, such as metal mesh or cable, can create the impression of the Industrial look. The right combination of metal railing and infill material will provide a safe, secure railing, while also enhancing the aesthetics of the space.
Each of these metals has different properties and look. Some of the commonly used metals for railings are stainless steel, Aluminium, Brass, Copper, Wrought iron. These railings are used for Internal staircase, External staircase as well as Balconies.

Railing

Gate:

The material you choose for your home’s gate must be able to withstand wind, rain, and sunlight and at the same time have the strength to keep robbers out.
Residential property owners prefer metal gates of large openings that are made of steel.
A large proportion of the domestic market for gates is made from metal, the vast majority being made from steel, the remainder from wrought iron, and cast iron. People prefer metal gates because they are more durable and there are many designs available in the market.

• Cost and Efficiency
Metal doors are less expensive than other doors. Steel doors are typically more energy-efficient because they have higher insulating values, so they’re better at keeping conditioned air inside your home and outdoor air outside.

• Installation
Metal doors are typically finished at the factory with a baked-on polyester finish or vinyl coating that doesn’t require further finishing by you at installation.

Types of metal

The four types of metal that are most commonly used are:

  • Steel: It is affordable and but not long-lasting. Usually supplied hot-drip galvanized to provide a robust finish.
  • Aluminum: Its sheet thin and tough layer that protects against corrosion.
  • Zinc: Highly durable and weathers to an aesthetically-pleasing lead-like hue if
    left untreated.
  • Copper: Capable of achieving long lifespans, and requires very little
    maintenance.

  • Skylight/Pergola:

A skylight adds natural light to metal building that tends to be long and deep is one way to positively impact the well-being of the people working inside these facilities. Not only that, but it can also help in saving electrical lighting costs. Installing skylights in a residential building brings a taste of the outdoors in and brightens up the environment with natural light. Energy-Skylight enhances the quality of light and air into the structure. Also, suits provide diffuse lighting and heat source. It adds beauty and a pattern of lights in the building.

Pergola

FENCING:

  • Durability

It offers more durability and stability than other materials. At some Instance their major forces, metal frames won’t warp or crack.

  • Style and Appearance

It is available in various sizes, patterns, and customizes metal as required. Metal fencing the way they want. Metal fencing gives a bold and brutal appearance.

Top architects recommend choosing the right material. Metal is a flexible material that would possibly change the face of the architecture. And Metal, in turn, creates structures that are Durable, Resistant and Sustainable.

Top Ideas for Landscape in Residential Architecture

Top Ideas for Landscape in Residential Architecture

Top Ideas for Landscape in Residential Architecture

Landscape architecture

Brief ideas of various landscape design

As mentioned in the last article Glass in Residential building. We are writing about the beautiful Eco-friendly building concept “Landscape in Residential architecture“.

As we are talking about landscape architecture, We can know about how it has become a useful form of design where aesthetics and functionality both work simultaneously on the grounds of preserving ecology as well as bringing out the beauty of nature within the space.

While constructing a house proper landscape planning and architecture with the sustainability concept and approach helps to make a conducive and responsive environment. This article is predicated on the theoretical framework of the connection between landscape design in planning and development in urban design. Every decade there have been profound challenges as the architects, we have to address the approach towards sustainability while designing landscape architecture.

Landscape relates mainly to land-forms, vegetation, water, and climate. It is an art of arranging elements to create a healthy breathing atmosphere, vibrant community, and good outdoor space.

As we are talking about landscape in residential building, Here I like to recall our old article balcony designs which tells you how landscaping could be incorporated within indoor spaces to visualize the feel of an external garden. It can create a healthy environment with elements like lawns, gardens, flowers, beds, etc.

Structures such as a seating wall can define a perimeter, or a hedge may serve as a living wall. Pathways bordered by planting or trees create the feeling corridors. An arbor, pergola, or overhanging tree branch may suggest a ceiling.

Landscaping improves the quality of life. It cools down the temperature, provides physical and psychological benefits.

One of the famous architect Hawthorn said: “Indoor and outdoor spaces should be integrated and flow one into the other”.

Outdoor living space balances with the related elements in the landscape, also enhance the natural beauty.

Landscape lowers air conditioning use. People are drawn to and gathered in the open spaces of a garden. Seating can be arranged along with the shades of thick vertical line landscape also sheltered from the direct sunlight. Seating areas with it gives a good and pleasant view.

It cleans the dust, smoke particles, carbon dioxide and increases oxygen. A well-designed walkway attracts the eye with a sense of movement, drawing visitors with a beckoning further. While designing, we should be able to analyze the dimensional depth of any designs and achieve various ways in implementing those to create the functionality within the space. The pathway can be sheltered using pergola or create an eclectic path by using a mixture of paving materials.

Architectural pool, an attractive part of the landscape element creates a very stylish look throughout the house. This design tends to be viewed as more formal and includes long straight lines and sharp angles. They create a balance between your home and outdoor living space while providing function and a focal point for the yard.

Free form pools tend to create a more relaxed atmosphere through the use of curves and smooth flowing lines. It is a more non-traditional look that you would associate with a natural pond.

We are living in an era where we are facing lots of health issues due to air, water, soil pollution which is attracting many problems due to the deputation of forests and increasing industrial activity. As architects, we recommend evolving designs and bringing out nature within those designs to minimize the hazardous for the near future. That could be followed in various ways such as :

Water features, the sounds of a waterfall will calm down the mind and harmony will be created within oneself. The pump will save the water by recycling.

Walking along the landscape will increase longevity.

Retaining walls will prevent soil sliding when it rains. Thus, it is an integral part of the landscape.

As architects, we should have distinctive skills and training in designing with living systems and materials that are innovative and thoughtful towards the ecology of an area. These are a few easy steps to balance nature and designs without losing its beauty and retaining the true form of modern architecture through landscaping designing. Using Eco-friendly materials in order to create landscape designs, thoughts have been proven quite challenging and we as the best architects in Bangalore have achieved those difficult designs.

As we are talking about materials, In the next article we can talk about 1 of the main material that is used in construction i.e., Metals used in Residential s building. For this stay tuned. Keep visiting the Design thoughts architects page for more updates.

Glass in Residential Building

Glass in Residential Building

Glass in Residential Building

In this Glass in Residential building article we like to give some design ideologies about Glass and how it can be utilized uniquely in Residential building. Glass is one of the most favored architectural element that can be molded to suit its functionality and also it serves as a decorative piece of art.

Glass is a fascinating material and usually available in most places in both, conventional and contemporary architecture. Its function in the construction industry has proved it to be the best. The sleek and transparent nature of the material gels well with cement, mud or metal.

Glass has gained popularity in architecture because of its vivid properties, especially in residences:

  • As A Window Panel – The use of glass started out as a layer for the window panes. It specifically contributed as a barrier to the intense weather changes, like the sizzling heat, rain, etc. Its see-through nature has attracted a lot of buyers in national and international markets. Now, alongside windows, there are sliding doors, however widely famous now. It helps to preserve the visible connection to the maximum.
  • Extra Clean Glass –They have two unique features, photo-catalytic and hydrophilic. Because of these two features, it functions as being stain proof and gives beautiful look to homes. Maintenance is also easy.
  • As a Lightweight Structural Wall (External Surface) – Different colored glass can be used for exteriors. The gradually processed and lightweight glass was seen, and all architects and engineers were interested in using the lighter material, contrasting the heavier materials used in the load-bearing method.
  • As a Roofing Material – Gradually people started using glass for skylights and roofs. The colder places took it as a possibility for greater sunlight and heat inside the buildings. And, the hot locations used solar control glasses for optimizing sunlight and heat radiations.
  • As a railing, at double height and Staircase:
  • As a Partition, within the interiors of a Building – Glass is widely used in the interiors of the homes. Usually used as partition walls, curtain walls among rooms, with doorways and windows, as an element of decor, etc.
  • Tinted glass – Tinted glass refers to colored glass. Color generating component like coating is used to convert normal glass to colored glass. It helps in reducing the passing of ultraviolet light in the case of windows. This results in lessening of heat within the home.
  • As a skylight above living, dining, entrance lobby – Skylight allows ample light through the glass. Also, provide simple and secure access to the flat rooftop.
  • Shatterproof Glass is usually utilized in case of windows, skylights, floors, etc. Some type of plastic polyvinyl butyric is produced in its process of making. So, it can’t form sharp-edged portions when it breaks.
  • Laminated Glass – It is the blend of normal glass sheets. So, it has extra weight than normal glass. It is extra thick. It is UV proof and soundproof.
  • Float Glass – It is made from sodium silicate and calcium silicate. It’s another name is soda-lime glass. It is clear and flat and, gives a glared look. These glasses range from 2mm to 20mm thickness. They have a weight range of 6 to 36 kg/m2.
  • Chromatic Glass – It is used in conference halls, assembly rooms, etc. It helps in reducing the heat by lessening the passage of sunlight in the interior. The chromatic glass can be photochromic which has mild touchy lamination, thermos-chromatic which has heat touchy lamination and electrochromic which has electric lamination over it.
  • Toughened Glass – Toughened glass is a powerful glass that has low visibility. It is available in all thicknesses. This is as well called as tempered glass. This sort of glass is used for doorways, mobile display screen protectors, etc.
  • Glass Blocks – Glass block or glass bricks are fabricated from two halves and they are pressed and annealed together. These are used as an architectural element inside skylights etc.
  • Glass Wool – It is fabricated from fibers of glass and acts as a good insulating filler. It is fire-resistant glass.

Merits of glass:

Hardness and Brittleness – It is a tough material and has great impact resistance against an applied load. However, at the same time, it is a brittle material as it breaks immediately when subjected to load.

Weather Resistance – It is weather resistant because it can resist and bear the reaction of rain, sun, and wind. It has good capacity in case of absorption, reflection and refracting light. Hence it enables us to regulate and influence natural light. This helps in positively influencing our daily activities leading to better health.

Insulation – It is a superb insulator against heat, electricity and electromagnetic wave because of its good insulating response against light transmission.

Chemical Resistance – It can withstand the effect of the reaction under different environmental conditions or acidic effects.

Color and Shape Varieties – It can be given any shape and any color, and variety and is out there in the market depending upon customer’s use, dimensional requirements, and safety requirement.

Transparency – Transparency is one such property of glass that creates a visible connection with the surface world. With the arrival of technology, clear glass also can be altered, making it opaque.

In a conclusion, I can say “A city’s progress is often decided according to its infrastructure”, but it is really important to consider all the factors and know what needs to come up, and where to come up. As architects, we should also focus on Eco – friendly. To get the update regarding how we can use landscape or Eco -friendly architecture stay tuned we will update in our next coming article. Are you eager to read our next article? If yes, please be in touch with our website

Concrete Blocks in Architecture

Concrete Blocks in Architecture

Concrete Blocks in Architecture

As you all know most of the people who want to construct house prefer Concrete blocks as a prefabricated material because it produces maximum radiant heat within the building. Concrete blocks mainly used to build walls. Concrete pieces are made by materials that are utilized for building dividers. Like bricks, the squares are joined at the side a mortar consisting of cement, sand, and water. The squares are empty interior to permit for steel bars and mortar filling.

Despite the fact that the primary squares were fabricated by hand, these days they are created in a robotized way and thousands of squares can be made per hour. Each unit can be manufactured on-site by bricklayers.

The concrete commonly utilized to create concrete squares may be a blend of powdered Portland cement, water, sand, and rock. The fundamental block has been changing to supply more total arrangements, such as waterproofing.

A few current models that are added to the substances will join to the blend. It also prevents the section of water by extending the surface pressure of the square by arranging it.

Concrete blocks as a rule related with self-construction and low-cost lodging gives the number of spaces to investigate past utilitarian plans.

Most of the modern engineering nowadays use concrete as the most efficient fabric. In any case, due to the improvement of building technology and design, concrete has to be created as a building fabric to overcome its shortcomings. Expansion, the requirement for accomplishing maintainability in buildings has a coordinating effect on concrete’s development as concrete which is considered one as a major modern request within the building materials industry.

Concrete blocks can be used as :

  • Compound Wall

Compound – Solid wall block is defined as those blocks which have a core wide area greater than 25% of gross area having one or more holes open at both sides. The most commonly used concrete blocks have a nominal length of 40cm, a height of 20cm and nominal width of 8,10,15 and 20cms.

  • Facade

The material color itself creates a pattern when it is applied on the exterior surface. material is very natural & goes well with part of nature. Here, no additional effort is required in making a beautiful structure.

  • Partition

Lightweight, Precast, foam concrete building material suitable for producing concrete masonry units (CMU) like blocks. They are composed of quartz sand, calcined gypsum, lime, cement, water, and aluminum powder. AAC is cured under heat and pressure in an autoclave.

  • External wall

It’s a great idea to enhance the external surface with the concrete blocks as they form a beautiful texture surface in a grey finish. Thus the external surface looks attractive and stands out from the surrounding elements.

Concrete block technical detail

  • Wall Junction detail

The concrete block wall is erected with a mixture of concrete & reinforcement steel.

  • Corner wall detail

These are some simple ideas of Architecture that can deliver good solutions without being affordable. In conclusion I would like to mention couple of important merits of concrete blocks over the bricks. They form stronger walls than bricks. A house which is built using Concrete blocks can last up to 100 years.

DESIGN STRATEGIES FOR HOT & DRY CLIMATE

DESIGN STRATEGIES FOR HOT & DRY CLIMATE

DESIGN STRATEGIES FOR HOT & DRY CLIMATE

 
Climate is one of the factors which impact on Architecture design. In order to this I would like to share some information regarding the impact of  Hot and Dry Climate on Design Strategies. If an architect can design a building by keeping this point as a reference then the building design and elevation look appealing.

BUILDING DESIGN:

  1. Detailing building fenestration design and construction details to promote shading, heat loss and insulation.
  2. Larger building dimensions should face north & south.
  3. Double walls with insulation in between are a suitable solution
  4. The size of the windows on the east and west sides should be minimized in order to reduce heat gain
  5. The flat roof is a good reflector and re-radiates heat efficiently, especially if it consists of a solid, white painted material.
  6. The courtyard is provided with water and plants, it acts as a cooling source.
  7. Internal courtyards provide cross ventilation and natural cooling.
  8. Inlets to be provided at lower levels and outlets at a higher level as they serve to vent the hot air.
  9. Suitable radiation barriers in the form of canopies, chajjas, and long verandahs should be provided on the west side of the building.
 
There are many states in India which has a hot and dry climate which are described below:
  • Rajasthan: Jaisalmer – This is called the “Golden City” of Rajasthan. The yellow sand and yellow sandstone that’s utilized in each engineering of the city gives a yellowish brilliant tinge to the city and its encompassing regions. The architectural style plan that is used in this is “courtyard planning”.  Other cities in Rajasthan include Kota, Baran, Jhalawar, Banswara, south-west Udaipur and adjacent areas of Mt. Abu.
 
 
  • Madhya Pradesh – The places which have a hot and dry climate in MP is Gwalior, Jabalpur, Sagar, Rewa, Singrauli. 
 
 
  • Gujarat – Ahmadabad is the capital which has the maximum hot and dry climate throughout summer.
 
 
  • Andhra Pradesh – Vijayawada, Khammam, Thallarevu (East Godavari) are some of the southern places in AP.

In conclusion, would like to suggest a few points :
  • Increase greenery in your building wherever possible i.e., Balcony, Courtyard, Outdoors, Entrance etc. 
  • Educate people about the importance of climate. 
  • Use Eco-friendly materials that are suitable for all seasons.
Bricks

Bricks

Bricks 

In this Bricks article, we would like to bring an idea about each type of brick and their advantages, disadvantages and also how it helps in design perspective with a higher vision of serving the clients.

The brick that was first produced in a sun-dried form has its origins millions of years back. It is a small building unit in the form of a rectangular block. It is formed from clay or shale or mixtures and burned (fired) in a kiln, or oven, to produce strength, hardness, and heat resistance.

The original concept of ancient brick makers was that the unit should not be larger than what one man could easily handle. In today’s era brick size varies from country to country, and every nation’s brick-making industry produces a range of sizes that may run into thousands and crores. There are various types of bricks which are described below:

 

Types of Bricks : 

  1. Facing Brick

A brick that satisfies the architectural needs such as finish, form, and function that is eligible to be used on external faces is called a “Facing Brick”.

 2. Engineering Brick

These bricks are used for engineering purposes and they have the highest strength of compression and lowest water absorption.

3. Common Brick

As name itself tells common brick, it will be made from using natural clay and they have no special treatment.

4. Wire cut Brick

Wirecut brick is a type of brick which are manufactured using low moisture clay.

 5. Burnt Clay Brick

Burnt clay bricks are made from burning clay and are used for constructing foundations, columns, etc.

6. Sand Lime Brick

Instead of cement, these bricks use lime and sand. These are manufactured in the US and Germany.

 Bricks normally also used for incineration, industries, home appliances, fireplaces, drainage’s, etc. They protect the famous rivers like the Nile, Tigris from extreme weather conditions like floods. And they are widely used for the construction of buildings, walls, roofs, etc.

 

Advantages of bricks are:

  • They are low in maintenance
  • They are energy efficient
  • They are weatherproof
  • They are colorful
  • They can be used as a style and design

Finally, We would like to conclude the Article of brick for here, By telling a few points :

Brick is mandatory to build your dream home. In order to build your fantasy home, choose a brick wisely with the help of a good architect who can give suggestions and who can listen to your requirements completely.

An Architects can choose the type of brick you need according to client requirement.

As many clients will be asking which type of Brick is suitable to build residential (or) commercial building and what is the importance of each type of Brick? So, in order to get clarity to the people who want to construct their dream homes we have written this Brick article. Hope all the readers of this article are satisfied.